Organic cotton or organically produced cotton is type of cotton which raised without toxic or permanent insecticide and fertilizer, feed by only clean natural waters not with the sewage and raised without the radiation and genetically engineering applications.
What is organic textile?
"For a green world"
Organic textile sector has begun by the processing the fibers which are raised organically during the farming process, according to relevant standards. GOTS certification includes; raised organically and certificated organic fiber usage, in addition, it includes procession/production standards. Global Organic Textile Standards (Global Organik Tekstil Standardı-GOTS) is a collaboration of the unions which are operating in organic textile rocessing field.Tan textile is aware of how important is a green environment and human health, to show how much care about these, Tan textile has GOTS certification and “OEKO –Tex Standart 100” which is a formal document that proves Tan Textile does not use chemical dyes and matters in it’s products.
What is organic fabric?
Organic products do not have threats for human life, because, they do not have any chemical fortifier during the raising process. However, normal textile products always have the threat possibility to human life during their producing, using and annihilation processes. These organic fabrics which does not includes pesticides and fertilizer in the any process of production are harmless for human health. This fabric production is ecofriendly and far from chemical waste.
What is organic Cotton?
Organic cotton or organically produced cotton is type of cotton which raised without toxic or permanent insecticide and fertilizer, feed by only clean natural waters not with the sewage and raised without the radiation and genetically engineering applications.Crop does not include any GMOs (Genetically Modified Organism) or derivatives. Organic cotton and all the other organic farming applications firstly protect the ecologic balance. Agriculture workers are protected from the toxic effects and diseases which exposes by their skin and
breathing. Water, energy and chemical usage is minimizing by the controls. Waste waters transfer to surface waters after purifying to defined limits in pH 6-9 and 40 C conditions. In this way, the liveliness in the water sources can be protected. Organic cotton does not carry on dangerous materials for human health. This benefit be provided by the organic agriculture methods, transfer to the customers without any corruption by appropriate manufacturing according to organic standards during the yarns, fabrics and garments production processes.
Why Organic Cotton?
Cotton is a plant which has a high percentage of agricultural struggle pesticides usage like; Herbicides, Insecticides, Fungicides, Pesticide, etc. In 2003, 25.000 tons of pesticide were used for cotton production. This creates more than 10% of pesticide usage in the world in 2003. At Insecticides usage, situation is much worse and 25% of the usage belong to cotton production. However, cotton production creates less than the 3% of the agricultural production in the world. Only 0,1% of the pesticides are reaching to insects, and the rest 99,9% is mixing into soil, air and water. Unfortunately, production of cotton fibers which are natural and hygienic is not ecofriendly, unlike, it is a complete environmental damage. Organic cotton does not include any of Herbicides, Insecticides, Fungicides, Pesticide, etc. in the production process. Natural animal fertilizer, green fertilizer and natural(biological) pesticide usage is allowed. Clothes which made of organic cottons last longer because of their component’s structure. Conventional cotton become weak because of the chemicals it has exposure during the production, processing and dyeing processes and these chemicals harm the cotton and cause a new weak cotton arise. Organic cotton is a softer and thicker kind of cotton than the conventional cotton and it is easy to wash. The percentage of Organic Cotton Production in the World According to information from British Pest Control and Organic Trade Association in 2000-2001, in 12 countries international production is close to 6368 metric tons. (Little bit more that 14 million pound or 29248 bales) this represents the 0,03% of the world’s production. Turkey and USA leads the organic cotton production and follow by India, Peru, Uganda, Tanzania, Egypt, Senegal, Israel, Greece, Benin and Brazil.
What Certificated Organic Means?
Certificated organic means that the cotton has raised by the strict rules which defined by independent and private organizations. Certification includes the control of the agricultural fields and business areas, detailed recording and periodic water tests to guarantee that the farmers moving applicable with the standards. Documentation of organic cotton production raises the trust on the products, also, ensures the clients that products are organic. Before 2006, documentation program and standards were the same in basic, however, there were some differences between the regions. Lately, Global Organic Textile Standards shaped by an international working group and every certification organization started to use the same standards for the control of organic textile production. The Aim of the Standards The aim of the standard is to define all the necessities which will be necessary to guarantee that the products are organic to make customers feel in safe within the entire process of the products from harvest to labelling under responsibility of environment and social production. Label Classification All the products which produce which applicable for all the necessary critters required by the standards label with “Global Organic Textile Standard”. And also, standards divide to two labelling degree;
1 – Organic or Organic Biodegradable
95% or more of the fiber need to be label as organic or organic biodegradable. Last 5% balance with nonorganic fiber which can include synthetic or improved fiber and fiber wools.
2 – x % Organic or x % Organic Biodegradable
75% or 95% or the more percent of the fiber has to be certificated as organic or organic biodegradable.Remaining, about, 30% of the fiber can be balanced with nonorganic fiber. Developed and synthetic fiber’s limit is 10% in Turkey. (25% in USA)
- In regular fabrics, about 95% part, there is a 70% organic fiber requirement for both systems.
- All data should welcome the general requirements in the terms of toxicity and bio resolution.
- Should not include toxic heavy metals, formaldehyde and GMOs.
- There should be following rules at the production unit.
- Duplex quality assurance system consisting of site inspection and testing.
- 100% Organic Cotton should contain 100% organically produced cotton.
- Organic Cotton: Should contain 95% organically produced cotton.
- Made with Organic Cotton: should contain at least 70% organically produced cotton
- % Organic Cotton: Should contain organic cotton as it has written.